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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. HyperSQL vs. Hypertable

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graphite vs. HyperSQL vs. Hypertable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperMultithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAn open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as Hadoop
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score5.49
Rank#69  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webhsqldb.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iohsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.html
DeveloperGoogleChris DavisHypertable Inc.
Initial release2017200620012009
Current release2.5.2, June 20200.9.8.11, March 2016
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languagePythonJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Data schemeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scans
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyesno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Sockets
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoJava, SQLno
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.nonenoneselectable replication factor on file system level
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphiteHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBHypertable
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