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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. SAP IQ

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperColumnar RDBMS optimized for Big Data analytics
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn-oriented
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.78
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score1.42
Rank#145  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score4.31
Rank#77  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score5.46
Rank#71  Overall
#38  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergraphdb.ontotext.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-iq-big-data-management.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgraphite.readthedocs.iohelp.sap.com/­iq
DeveloperGoogleOntotextChris DavisSAP, formerly Sybase
Initial release2017200020061994
Current release8.8, January 201916.1 SPS04, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaPython
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SPARQL is used as query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginnoyes
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneshared disk or shared nothing architectures with SAP IQ Multiplexer
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replicationnoneSAP/Sybase Replication Server
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflownonoHadoop integration
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteSAP IQ infoformer name: Sybase IQ
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