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DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graph Engine vs. MySQL vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Graph Engine vs. MySQL vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineWidely used open source RDBMSLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.68
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.graphengine.iowww.mysql.comwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSybase, SAP
Initial release2017201019951993
Current release8.0.29, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CC and C++
Server operating systemshosted.NETFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011noyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMySQLSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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