DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Spanner vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Spanner vs. Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Raima Database Manager vs. TimesTen

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_Vista  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperRDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into an application or used as a database serverIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#104  Overall
#50  Relational DBMS
Score0.76
Rank#187  Overall
#15  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score4.11
Rank#79  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score0.39
Rank#237  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Score2.27
Rank#115  Overall
#56  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­spannergrakn.aigithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webraima.comwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.raima.comdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperGoogleGrakn LabsChris DavisRaima Inc.Oracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release20172016200619841998
Current release1.8.0, June 202014.111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaPythonC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Android
HP-UX
Integrity RTOS
iOS
Linux
OS X
QNX
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoExporting/Importing of XML structures possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011nonoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP API
Sockets
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Objective-C
PL/SQL
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoyes infobased on the ANSI/ISO SQL Persistent Stored Modules (PSM) specificationPL/SQL
Triggersnononoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoby using Cassandranonehorizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication infoby using CassandranoneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoStrict serializable isolationACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnonofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud SpannerGraknGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
The world's first commercial In-Memory Relational Database offering (launched in...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
TimesTen offers many advantages over competing products: Mature product with nearly...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
TimesTen can be used in a wide range of application areas. Some examples include:...
» more
Key customersSome of our key customers include Ericsson , Telcordia , China Mobile, China Telecom,...
» more
Market metricsTimesTen is used by thousands of customers in tens of thousands of deployments worldwide...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
Standard Oracle licence models ; end user and ISV/OEM licence terms available.
» more
News

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020

Raima and MontaVista announce strategic partnership
14 May 2020

Intelligence of Things with Raima at MWC Barcelona and Embedded World 2020
11 February 2020

Raima comes to FreeRTOS
19 July 2019

NO OS Support, New Geospatial Query Types and Optimization
24 April 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud SpannerGraknGraphiteRaima Database Manager infoformerly named db_VistaTimesTen
DB-Engines blog posts

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
1 June 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud: Every Blockchain Partnership the Data Group Has Formed So Far
1 August 2020, Bitrates

Google Cloud rides the wave but remains a distant third place
13 July 2020, SiliconANGLE

Confluent Launches Confluent Cloud in All Three Major Cloud Marketplaces, Introducing the Easiest Way for Any Organization to Harness the Full Power of Event Streaming
5 August 2020, Business Wire

Google Updates Cloud Spanner with New Features: Backup on Demand, Local Emulator, and More
1 May 2020, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud wants to lift and shift your existing workloads
14 July 2020, ZDNet

provided by Google News

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

Massive Growth in Big Data in the Healthcare & Pharmaceutical Market 2020 | Size, Demand, Opportunities & Forecast To 2026
5 August 2020, Bulletin Line

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

BIG DATA IN THE AUTOMOTIVE MARKET INSIGHTS AND OUTLOOK 2020-2026 – HOW WILL COVID-19 AFFECT THE INDUSTRY?
28 July 2020, Science Examiner

BIG DATA IN THE INSURANCE MARKET MAY TURN AS WINNER IN COVID-19 SCENARIO
28 July 2020, Science Examiner

provided by Google News

Nouveau Monde Graphite to Webcast Live at VirtualInvestorConferences.com July 31st
28 July 2020, PRNewswire

Try out the Graphite monitoring tool for time-series data
29 October 2019, TechTarget

Lew's Introduces Kevin VanDam Signature Fishing Rods
16 July 2020, BassResource.com

How the Americans acquired the atomic bomb
5 August 2020, The Standard

Logitech MX Master 3 With 4,000 DPI Sensor, Up to 70 Days Battery Life Launched in India
28 July 2020, Gadgets 360

provided by Google News

Raima and MontaVista Announce Strategic Partnership
14 May 2020, PRNewswire

Raima Expands Their Reseller Network in Asia
19 May 2020, PR Web

What's the Difference Between SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL?
14 December 2019, Electronic Design

provided by Google News

Business Insider
25 January 2012, Business Insider

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Principal Engineer, Spanner, Google Cloud
Google, Kirkland, WA

Google Cloud Architect (Remote)/Google Cloud Engineer
CitiusTech, Remote

Cloud Engineer
CI and T, New York, NY

Staff Software Engineer – Data
Macy's, Johns Creek, GA

[Remote] CloudOps Developer
3Rein, Remote

Graphite Technician (Orvis Rod Shop)
The Orvis Company, Manchester, VT

Data Engineer – Logs
PERITUS.AI, Palo Alto, CA

SHEET METAL MECHANIC (AIRCRAFT/PAINTER)
US Department of the Air Force, McGuire AFB, NJ

Software Engineer
Leidos, Annapolis Junction, MD

Sr Architect
f5, San Jose, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here