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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Realm vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Realm vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.80
Rank#56  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score7.97
Rank#45  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score121.03
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorerealm.iowww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorerealm.io/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGoogleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Dwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release201720142000
Current release3.30.1, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
server-less
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryno
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realmyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.yesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreRealmSQLite
Specific characteristicsNow a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Competitive advantagesRealm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
Typical application scenariosMobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
Key customersCathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
Market metricsUsed by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRealm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreRealmSQLite
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Recent citations in the news

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

Google Firestore Released
4 February 2019, iProgrammer

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

Google's Cloud-Native NoSQL Database Cloud Firestore Is Now Generally Available
8 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Firestore, the serverless, NoSQL document database, is now generally available
1 February 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Realm Makes PostgreSQL Real-Time with New Connector
21 March 2017, Database Trends and Applications

Realm Receives Investment from Ericsson Ventures to Advance Development of Edge Computing Solutions
21 September 2017, Business Wire

Realm Platform 2.0 Is Significant Step Forward for Building Responsive and Real-Time Mobile Applications
17 October 2017, Business Wire

How Realm's New React Native Database Helps Developers
2 March 2016, App Developer Magazine

Kotlin Programming Language Will Surpass Java On Android Next Year
15 October 2017, Fossbytes

provided by Google News

RDBMS Software Market Rising with Technological Demand during 2019-2026| Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM
21 November 2019, Market Expert

Huge Demand for RDBMS Software Market By 2023 | Top Key Players: Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite
21 November 2019, The Chicago Sentinel

RDBMS Software Market Key Challenges and Growth Factors 2019 – 2025| Oracle ,SQLite ,IBM
20 November 2019, Crypto Journal

RDBMS Software Market 2019 | Global Top Industrialist are Cubrid, TmaxSoft, SQLite, Oracle
13 November 2019, Markets Gazette 24

Hackers can use an SQLite database vulnerability to take over an iPhone via the Contacts app
12 August 2019, Fast Company

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