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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Realm

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Realm

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Our visitors often compare Google Cloud Firestore and Realm with MongoDB, Firebase Realtime Database and Elasticsearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core Data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.75
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score7.34
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorerealm.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorerealm.io/­docs
DeveloperGoogleRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019
Initial release20172014
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsno inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessary
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infoChange Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-Memory realm
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.yes

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreRealm
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Recent citations in the news

Realtime vs Cloud Firestore: Which Firebase Database to Choose
8 March 2024, Appinventiv

Google's AI-First Strategy Brings Vector Support To Cloud Databases
1 March 2024, Forbes

Google launches Cloud Firestore, a new document database for app developers
3 October 2017, TechCrunch

Google’s Cloud-Native NoSQL Database Cloud Firestore Is Now Generally Available
8 February 2019, InfoQ.com

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