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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP Adaptive Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.70
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score553.52
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score51.67
Rank#19  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.postgresql.org/­docshelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperGooglePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP, Sybase
Initial release20171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1987
Current release13.2 , February 202116.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageCC and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.Java and Transact-SQL
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashhorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
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More resources
Google Cloud FirestorePostgreSQLSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
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Recent citations in the news

Google launches Cloud Firestore, a new document database for app developers
3 October 2017, TechCrunch

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

Google Launches Cloud Firestore, a Serverless NoSQL Database -- ADTmag
31 January 2019, ADT Magazine

Google Cloud Functions Supports .NET Core 3.1 (but not .NET 5)
30 November 2020, Visual Studio Magazine

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

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Crunchy Certified PostgreSQL 12 Achieves Common Criteria Evaluation Assurance Level (EAL) 2+ Certification
29 March 2021, PRNewswire

Swarm64 and EDB Partner to Extend EDB Postgres Advanced With Faster Query Performance
8 April 2021, Business Wire

Catalyst Cloud is wooing Oracle DB users with PostgreSQL offer
25 March 2021, Reseller News

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22 March 2021, IT PRO

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22 March 2021, IT PRO

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New Services In SAP HANA Cloud Lower TCO For Customers In
9 April 2021, MarTech Series

Install latest SAP Adaptive Server Enterprise patches, experts urge
3 June 2020, CSO Online

SAP ASE leaves sensitive credentials in installation logs
24 September 2020, CSO Online

Critical SAP Sybase ASE bugs allowed full system takeover
4 June 2020, iTnews

Survey Reveals Strategic Plans of SAP Sybase and ASE Customers as Product Support Nears End
10 October 2019, PRNewswire

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