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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Widely used in-process key-value storeIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelDocument storeKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.05
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score151.86
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlredis.io
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperGoogleOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201719942009
Current release18.1 (Core), June 20186.0.8, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnopartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsnoLua
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infoonly for the SQL APIno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.noSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreOracle Berkeley DBRedis
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