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DBMS > etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.22
Rank#45  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score7.42
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score55.75
Rank#18  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
firebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.com
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
firebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release20172007
Current release3.4, August 20194.3.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageGoJava, Scala
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersyes, watching key changesyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
etcdGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4j
Specific characteristicsNeo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersOver 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Why DTCP Decided to Invest in Neo4j
22 June 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Recommendations, Shakespeare, Graphyx, Aura Free Tier, Dungeons and Dragons, GraphSAGE, NODES 2021
19 June 2021

Announcing Early Access of Neo4j Aura Free Tier
18 June 2021

Neo4j Raises the Largest Funding Round in Database History
17 June 2021

Introducing Neo4j 4.3: The Fastest Path to Graph Productivity
17 June 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
etcdGoogle Cloud FirestoreNeo4j
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Conferences and events

Graph-Centered AppDev Series, What's wrong with your application?
Webinar, Episode 1 [REPLAY], 6 April 2021 - 6 July 2021

Recent citations in the news

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

Using Mayhem for API to Fuzz etcd
10 June 2021, Security Boulevard

Distributed Key-Value Store etcd Graduates at CNCF
29 November 2020, InfoQ.com

Kubernetes: 5 tips we wish we knew sooner
7 June 2021, The Enterprisers Project

SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: etcd
25 November 2020, SDTimes.com

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19 June 2021, InfoQ.com

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Google launches Cloud Firestore, a new document database for app developers
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18 May 2021, GlobeNewswire

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Graph database platform Neo4j raises $325M to inform decision-making
17 June 2021, VentureBeat

Graph Database Startup Neo4j Secures $325M Investment
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Apiax, BASF, and Fujitsu Research Labs to Headline Neo4j's Largest Global Gathering of Graph-Focused Developers
3 June 2021, PRNewswire

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21 June 2021, EnterpriseTalk

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