DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog vs. Virtuoso

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVirtuoso  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningVirtuoso is a multi-model hybrid-RDBMS that supports management of data represented as relational tables and/or property graphs
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Native XML DBMS
Relational DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.68
Rank#56  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.42
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score2.64
Rank#95  Overall
#5  Graph DBMS
#3  Native XML DBMS
#47  Relational DBMS
#2  RDF stores
#11  Search engines
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comrocksdb.orgwww.stardog.comvirtuoso.openlinksw.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.openlinksw.com/­virtuoso
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Facebook, Inc.Stardog-UnionOpenLink Software
Initial release20172007201320101998
Current release3.5.8, July 20196.3.6, October 20196.2.3, July 20198.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoGPLv2, extended commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
AIX
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoSQL - Standard relational schema
RDF - Quad (S, P, O, G) or Triple (S, P, O)
XML - DTD, XML Schema
DAV - freeform filesystem objects, plus User Defined Types a/k/a Dynamic Extension Type
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSPARQL is used as query languageyes infoSQL-92, SQL-200x, SQL-3, SQLX
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
C++ API
Java API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
ADO.NET
GeoSPARQL
HTTP API
JDBC
Jena RDF API
ODBC
OLE DB
RDF4J API
RESTful HTTP API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SOAP webservices
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
XPath
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infoVirtuoso PL
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenoneyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterChain, star, and bi-directional replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and rolesFine-grained Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC) in addition to typical coarse-grained Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) according to SQL-standard. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBStardogVirtuoso
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Virtuoso is a modern multi-model RDBMS for managing data represented as tabular relations...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Performance & Scale — as exemplified by DBpedia and the LOD Cloud it spawned, i.e.,...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Used for — Analytics/BI Conceptual Data Virtualization Enterprise Knowledge Graphs...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Broad use across enterprises and governments including — European Union (EU) US Government...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Largest installed-base ​of Multi-Model RDBMS for AI-friendly Knowledge Graphs Platform...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Available in both Commercial Enterprise and Open Source (GPL v2) Editions Feature...
» more
News

Graphing Space and Time
4 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Building a Fashion Knowledge Graph, Carrefour Basket Dataset Challenge, Community detection on Game of Thrones, Analysing Network Traffic
30 November 2019

#GraphCast: “All Graph Databases Are Not Created Equal”
29 November 2019

Graph Theory Takes on the Opioid Epidemic
27 November 2019

Responsible AI: The Critical Need for Context (and Practical Tips)
26 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBStardogVirtuoso
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

Google's guide to Smart Home Cloud Services
26 November 2019, Electronics Weekly

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

Google's Cloud-Native NoSQL Database Cloud Firestore Is Now Generally Available
8 February 2019, InfoQ.com

Google Cloud Firestore, the serverless, NoSQL document database, is now generally available
1 February 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

Small or medium business? Neo4j wants to run a graph database for you in the cloud
7 November 2019, ZDNet

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
13 November 2019, iProgrammer

Neo4j Releases Native Graph Database as a Service Platform
12 November 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Neo4j Unveils New Fully-Managed Graph Database Called Neo4j Aura
7 November 2019, Solutions Review

provided by Google News

AMD EPYC vs. Intel Xeon Cascadelake With Facebook's RocksDB Database
17 October 2019, Phoronix

Toshiba Memory America Optimizes RocksDB for SSDs
1 August 2019, Business Wire

Toshiba Memory America Highlights TRocksDB at SNIA's 2019 Storage Developer Conference
23 September 2019, Business Wire

Alluxio Bolsters Data Orchestration for Hybrid Cloud World
11 July 2019, Datanami

VMware Is Exploring Reducing Meltdown/PTI Overhead With Deferred Flushes
25 August 2019, Phoronix

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Cloud Database Migration Engineer, Google Professional Services
Google, San Francisco, CA

Sr. Boomi Integration Developer
Side, Inc., San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Front-End Engineering Lead
FanAI, Santa Monica, CA

Engineering Manager - Compute
Descartes Labs, Santa Fe, NM

Senior Data-Pipeline Engineer
Zebra Technologies, Chicago, IL

Health System Modeling and Simulation Lead
Mitre Corporation, Bedford, MA

Senior AI, Machine Learning and Data Science Leader
Bose, Framingham, MA

Data Analytics Solutions Analyst - Junior
CACI, Washington, DC

Data Science Consultant
Patrick Engineering Inc, Chicago, IL

DEP Data Quality Analyst
Bechtel, Reston, VA

Software Engineer, Database Engineering
Facebook, Menlo Park, CA

Backend API Developer – BigData / NoSQL
Highbrow Technologies, Quincy, MA

Senior Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Director, Data Product Development Commercial B2B
Visa, Austin, TX

Sr Software Engineer
Stellus Technologies, San Jose, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here