DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.39
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score54.64
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score3.72
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
Score1.47
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.08
Rank#308  Overall
#29  Graph DBMS
#18  Object oriented DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comrocksdb.orgwww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikiwww.stardog.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Facebook, Inc.Stardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20172007201320102011
Current release4.1.4, November 20206.14.5, November 20207.3.0, May 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++JavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
C++ API
Java API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handlernoyes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

New Certification Exam Available: Neo4j 4.0 Certification
2 December 2020

Visualizing Fraud with Neo4j and GRANDstack
1 December 2020

The Neo4j BI Connector: How It Works
30 November 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Using Neo4j 4.2 With Cloudflare Workers, Single Sign-On for Neo4j, Building a Spotify Dashboard
28 November 2020

Identity and Access Management: 5-Minute Interview with Seyed Hossein Ahmadinejad
27 November 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBStardogVelocityDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud Functions Supports .NET Core 3.1 (but not .NET 5)
30 November 2020, Visual Studio Magazine

Microsoft's .NET Core now available on Google Cloud Functions - MSPoweruser
23 November 2020, MSPoweruser

Google Announces Eventarc in Preview
7 November 2020, InfoQ.com

InfluxData adds yet another 2.0 platform and opens a new front to cloud storage
10 November 2020, ZDNet

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

An Introduction to Neo4j
3 November 2020, iProgrammer

Neo4j Named a Leader in Graph Data Platforms by Independent Research Firm
16 November 2020, PRNewswire

Neo4j Announces First Graph Machine Learning for the Enterprise
20 October 2020, PRNewswire

These startups prove it pays to bet on open-source DevOps tools
16 November 2020, TechGenix

Graphable Receives Domo MVP 2020 Award
1 December 2020, PR Web

provided by Google News

Toshiba Memory America Optimizes RocksDB for SSDs
1 August 2019, Business Wire

AMD EPYC vs. Intel Xeon Cascadelake With Facebook's RocksDB Database
17 October 2019, Phoronix

Micron Announces An Open-Source Storage Engine Designed For SSDs, Persistent Memory
27 April 2020, Phoronix

Toshiba Memory America Highlights TRocksDB at SNIA's 2019 Storage Developer Conference
23 September 2019, Business Wire

Facebook Open Sources MyRocks DB Engine And ZStandard Compression Algorithm
3 September 2016, Fossbytes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

2021 Summer Intern - I.T. - Junior/Senior
UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, Parsippany, NJ

SR PROGRAMMER VMS101150
ASAP Solutions, Parsippany, NJ

2021 Summer Intern - I.T. - Freshman/Sophomore
UNITED PARCEL SERVICE, Louisville, KY

Software Engineer
Descartes Labs, Remote

Data Engineer
Borrego Solar Systems, Inc., Oakland, CA

Data Engineer
Rackspace, Remote

OEM / ISV - Account Executive (Remote)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Junior Software Developer (Agile, DevSecOps, CI/CD, Cloud environment)
Paradyme Management, Washington, DC

Data Architect
Rackspace, Remote

Software Engineer
United for Respect, California

Senior Software Engineer - Ads Attribution
Twitter, New York, NY

Node.js Developer
iknowvate technologies, Chicago, IL

Software Engineer
DataDog, Denver, CO

Staff Software Engineer (Backend) - Ads Attribution
Twitter, San Francisco, CA

Sr. Cloud Engineer (Remote)
CrowdStrike, United States

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Vertica logo

The fastest unified analytical warehouse at extreme scale with in-database Machine Learning. Try Vertica for free with no time limit.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here