DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. RocksDB vs. Snowflake vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRocksDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseEmbeddable persistent key-value store optimized for fast storage (flash and RAM)Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.68
Rank#56  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score50.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.42
Rank#99  Overall
#18  Key-value stores
Score2.18
Rank#106  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score0.78
Rank#167  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comrocksdb.orgwww.snowflake.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docsgithub.com/­facebook/­rocksdb/­wikidocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.Facebook, Inc.Snowflake Computing Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20172007201320142010
Current release3.5.8, July 20196.3.6, October 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: The simplest way to run Neo4j in the cloud
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenenoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
C++ API
Java API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsnouser defined functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handlernono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynoneyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsnoyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDyesACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)noUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBSnowflakeStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Demographics Master Data at Citigroup
12 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Full Text Search Tips and Tricks, Learning Geography, MongoDB to Graph
7 December 2019

Graphs on GPUs: 5-Minute Interview with Saul Rosales
6 December 2019

Graphing Space and Time
4 December 2019

This Week in Neo4j – Building a Fashion Knowledge Graph, Carrefour Basket Dataset Challenge, Community detection on Game of Thrones, Analysing Network Traffic
30 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jRocksDBSnowflakeStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

show all

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Google’s Cloud Firestore NoSQL database hits general availability
31 January 2019, TechCrunch

Google's guide to Smart Home Cloud Services
26 November 2019, Electronics Weekly

Compare Google Cloud Firestore and Firebase Realtime Database
9 August 2019, TechTarget

Google Cloud Firestore, the serverless, NoSQL document database, is now generally available
1 February 2019, Packt Hub

Google's Cloud-Native NoSQL Database Cloud Firestore Is Now Generally Available
8 February 2019, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Neo4J Launches Cloud Graph Database
13 November 2019, iProgrammer

Neo4j Releases Native Graph Database as a Service Platform
12 November 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Graph Database Market 2019 Growth Strategies | triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Neo4j, Inc, OrientDB Ltd, Cayley
5 December 2019, Premier Herald 24

Neo4j introduces new cloud service to simplify building a graph database
6 November 2019, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

AMD EPYC vs. Intel Xeon Cascadelake With Facebook's RocksDB Database
17 October 2019, Phoronix

Toshiba Memory America Optimizes RocksDB for SSDs
1 August 2019, Business Wire

Toshiba Memory America Highlights TRocksDB at SNIA's 2019 Storage Developer Conference
23 September 2019, Business Wire

Alluxio Bolsters Data Orchestration for Hybrid Cloud World
11 July 2019, Datanami

MariaDB Adding Support for Facebook MyRocks
8 December 2016, DZone News

provided by Google News

Optimove Uses Snowflake to Provide Brands with Direct Access to All Their Unified Customer Data
11 December 2019, MarTech Series

Why Snowflake Built a Data Warehouse in the Cloud
22 November 2019, CDOTrends

Purple Uses Snowflake to Dramatically Increase Fulfillment and Production Rates
12 November 2019, Business Wire

Snowflake Deepens its Relationship with AWS to Provide a More Seamless Customer Experience
5 December 2019, MarTech Series

Identify How Database Platform as a Service Market is Booming Continuously By Top Key Players Amazon Web Services, Microsoft, Google, Snowflake Computing, Salesforce, Alibaba Cloud, Database Labs, Teradata, SAP, Instaclustr, EnterpriseOB, IBM, MLab
12 December 2019, Galus Australis

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Lead Software Engineer
Disney Parks, Experiences and Products, Kissimmee, FL

Engineering Manager - Compute
Descartes Labs, Santa Fe, NM

Senior Data Engineer
AbleTo, Inc., United States

Sr. Boomi Integration Developer
Side, Inc., San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Front-End Engineering Lead
FanAI, Santa Monica, CA

Data Execution Analyst
Bank of America, Charlotte, NC

Data Execution Analyst
Bank of America, Richmond, VA

AI Scientist (PwC Labs)
PwC, Tampa, FL

Data Analyst - Neo4J - Data Scientist
Capgemini, Atlanta, GA

Data Scientist
Booz Allen Hamilton, McLean, VA

Backend API Developer – BigData / NoSQL
Highbrow Technologies, Quincy, MA

Backend API Developer (Generic Cloud Native Developer)
Highbrow Technologies, Quincy, MA

Staff Software Engineer - NVMe
Stellus Technologies, San Jose, CA

Backend API Developer – Security integration
Highbrow Technologies, Quincy, MA

Senior Software Engineer
Microsoft, Redmond, WA

Data Modeler / Database Developer
Defined Clarity, Washington, DC

Data Modeler / Database Developer
Defined Clarity, New York, NY

Data Modeler / Database Developer
Defined Clarity, Cherry Hill, NJ

Data Modeler / Database Developer
Defined Clarity, Kng of Prussa, PA

Data Modeler / Database Developer
Defined Clarity, Philadelphia, PA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Present your product here