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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Open source graph databaseWidely used RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.82
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score50.18
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1355.16
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score1.36
Rank#144  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.08
Rank#300  Overall
#26  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­databasewww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoreneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.stardog.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperGoogleNeo4j, Inc.OracleStardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release20172007198020102011
Current release4.1.1, July 202019c, February 20197.3.0, May 20207.x
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava, ScalaC and C++JavaC#
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle PartitioningnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownono infocan be realized in PL/SQLnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreNeo4jOracleStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Oracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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