DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ
System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. TempoIQ
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Google Cloud Firestore Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft SQL Server Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB Xexclude from comparison|
|TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.|
|Description||Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.||Microsofts relational DBMS||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||Scalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)|
|Primary database model||Document store||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Time Series DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||TempoIQ|
|Initial release||2017||1989||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||2012|
|Current release||SQL Server 2019, November 2019||13.1, November 2020|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial restricted free version is available||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no||yes|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||Linux|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes||yes standard with numerous extensions||no|
|APIs and other access methods||Android|
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP API
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||Go|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions||Transact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||no|
|Triggers||yes, with Cloud Functions||yes||yes||yes Realtime Alerts|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||tables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Multi-source replication||yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||Using Cloud Dataflow||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||yes||ACID||ACID||no|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no||no|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||simple authentication-based access control|
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|Google Cloud Firestore||Microsoft SQL Server||PostgreSQL||TempoIQ formerly TempoDB|
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