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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.21
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.28
Rank#70  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score15.53
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoreazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2017201420122014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languagenoyes
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APICLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsJavaScriptnouser defined functions
Triggersyes, with Cloud FunctionsJavaScriptnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMicrosoft Azure Table StorageSnowflake
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