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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used in-process key-value store
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.05
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score91.61
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.56
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoremariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.html
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoremariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by Oracle
Initial release201720091994
Current release10.4.12, January 202018.1 (Core), June 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infocommercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML edition
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is available
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3no
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyesyes infoonly for the SQL API
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreMariaDBOracle Berkeley DB
Specific characteristicsOpen source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesHigh availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreMariaDBOracle Berkeley DB
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