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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Lovefield

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Lovefield

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScript
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score11.14
Rank#47  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score4.28
Rank#91  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.43
Rank#274  Overall
#128  Relational DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantgoogle.github.io/­lovefield
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantgithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.md
DeveloperGoogleIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Google
Initial release201720102014
Current release2.1.12, February 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaScript
Server operating systemshostedhostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, Safari
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder pattern
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptno
Triggersyes, with Cloud FunctionsyesUsing read-only observers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Database
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infousing MemoryDB
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users can be defined per databaseno

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreIBM CloudantLovefield
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