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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Hive vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.32
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score81.61
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorehive.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorecwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoft
Initial release201720122014
Current release3.1.2, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C++
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceJavaScript
Triggersyes, with Cloud FunctionsnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factoryes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReducewith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users, groups and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreHiveMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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