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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. GridDB vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. GridDB vs. Realm vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonRealm  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA DBMS built for use on mobile devices that’s a fast, easy to use alternative to SQLite and Core DataA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeTime Series DBMSDocument storeTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score8.10
Rank#54  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score1.34
Rank#147  Overall
#10  Time Series DBMS
Score9.51
Rank#50  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoregriddb.netrealm.iowww.timescale.com
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoredocs.griddb.netrealm.io/­docsdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperGoogleToshiba CorporationRealm, acquired by MongoDB in May 2019Timescale
Initial release2017201320142017
Current release4.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen SourceOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAndroid
Backend: server-less
iOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocolADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java infowith Android only
Objective-C
React Native
Swift
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsnono inforuns within the applications so server-side scripts are unnecessaryuser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsyesyes infoChange Listenersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnoneyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replicationnoneSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud DataflowConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID at container levelACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-Memory realmno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users can be defined per databaseyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreGridDBRealmTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Now a part of MongoDB Data Platform , Realm Database is the fast, easy to use, and...
» more
Timescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Realm ensures offline-first functionality, meaning apps run smoothly and deliver...
» more
TimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Mobile Consumer Apps First-Line Worker Apps
» more
DevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Cathay Pacific Royal Carribbean Cruise Lines Open Source Database powers apps built...
» more
TransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsGitHub trending repository
» more
Used by 100,000+ developers 2 bn installs Currently used in 40k+ applications in...
» more
With over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
Realm database is licensed under the Apache License v2.0.
» more
TimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud FirestoreGridDBRealmTimescaleDB
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