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DBMS > Google Cloud Firestore vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Firestore vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. GridDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.Scalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big Data
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.25
Rank#52  Overall
#10  Document stores
Score3.73
Rank#90  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score1.28
Rank#154  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Websitefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorecloud.google.com/­spannergriddb.net
Technical documentationfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorecloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.griddb.net
DeveloperGoogleGoogleToshiba Corporation
Initial release201720172013
Current release4.6, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestamp
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011SQL92, SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)
APIs and other access methodsAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsnono
Triggersyes, with Cloud Functionsnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsUsing Cloud Dataflowyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containers
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datayesACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID at container level
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per database
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud FirestoreGoogle Cloud SpannerGridDB
Specific characteristicsGridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
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Competitive advantages1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
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Typical application scenariosFactory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
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Key customersDenso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
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Market metricsGitHub trending repository
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Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
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Google Cloud FirestoreGoogle Cloud SpannerGridDB
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