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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Redis vs. Sphinx

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. mSQL vs. Postgres-XL vs. Redis vs. Sphinx

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonSphinx  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster featuresIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Open source search engine for searching in data from different sources, e.g. relational databases
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.80
Rank#65  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score1.51
Rank#128  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score0.47
Rank#212  Overall
#101  Relational DBMS
Score144.81
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score6.49
Rank#52  Overall
#5  Search engines
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.hughes.com.au/­products/­msqlwww.postgres-xl.orgredis.iosphinxsearch.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.postgres-xl.org/­documentationredis.io/­documentationsphinxsearch.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleHughes TechnologiesSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsSphinx Technologies Inc.
Initial release200819942014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB20092001
Current release4.2, April 201910 R1, October 20185.0.8, March 20203.1.1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infoMozilla public licenseOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial licence available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCCCC++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Linux
macOS
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
FreeBSD
Linux
NetBSD
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionalityno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes infofull-text index on all search fields
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)A subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersyes infodistributed, parallel query executionnoSQL-like query language (SphinxQL)
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolProprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C++ infounofficial client library
Java
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Enginenouser defined functionsLuano
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Enginenoyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonehorizontal partitioningShardingSharding infoPartitioning is done manually, search queries against distributed index is supported
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-Master replication using PaxosnoneMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.noneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoACID infoMVCCOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes infoThe original contents of fields are not stored in the Sphinx index.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nononoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionno

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoremSQL infoMini SQLPostgres-XLRedisSphinx
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