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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. OpenSearch vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. OpenSearch vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.61
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score8.81
Rank#53  Overall
#5  Search engines
Score103.50
Rank#13  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastoregithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
www.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsopensearch.org/­docs/­latestdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleAmazon Web ServicesSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release200820212014
Current release2.2.0, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite including search engine, NoSQL document database, and visualization interface.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineyesuser defined functions
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using Paxosyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch comes with OpenSearch Dashboards included, giving a fully-featured user interface and visualization platform for your data.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreOpenSearchSnowflake
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