DB-EnginesExtremeDB for everyone with an RTOSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTiDB is an open source distributed SQL database that supports Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) workloads. It is MySQL compatible and features horizontal scalability, strong consistency, and high availability.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Vector DBMS infocurrently available in the MongoDB Atlas cloud service only
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.49
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score423.96
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score4.94
Rank#72  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.mongodb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.mongodb.com/­docs/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleMongoDB, IncPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release200820092016
Current release6.0.7, June 20237.6.0, January 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++Go, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Atlas SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
GraphQL
HTTP REST
Prisma
proprietary protocol using JSON
GORM
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
SQLAlchemy
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App EngineJavaScriptno
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Eventual Consistency infocan be individually decided for each read operation
Immediate Consistency infodefault behaviour
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infofull support since version 6.6
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesFine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud DatastoreMongoDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB provides an integrated suite of cloud database and data services to accelerate...
» more
TiDB is an advanced open-source, distributed SQL database for modern application...
» more
Competitive advantagesBuilt around the flexible document data model and unified API, MongoDB is a developer...
» more
- HORIZONTAL SCALING : TiDB grants total transparency into your data workloads without...
» more
Typical application scenariosAI-enriched intelligent apps (Continental, Telefonica, Iron Mountain) Internet of...
» more
TiDB is ideal for transactional applications that require extreme scalability and...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Block, Pinterest, Catalyst, Bolt, Flipkart, Capcom, Shopee (E-commerce), JD Cloud...
» more
Market metricsHundreds of millions downloads, over 150,000+ Atlas clusters provisioned every month...
» more
34K+ GitHub stars 5K+ members in TiDB Community Slack 1K+ community contributors...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
TiDB Community : Free open source software (Apache 2.0) TiDB Self-Hosted : Enterprise...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreMongoDBTiDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences, events and webinars

Intro to MongoDB
Webinar, 11am ET, 1 May 2024

Recent citations in the news

Google Cloud is NOT magicking away data egress fees
12 January 2024, The Stack

SAP adds vector datastore to HANA Cloud database
2 November 2023, Techzine Europe

NetApp Cloud Volumes Service datastore support for Google Cloud VMware Engine
7 February 2023, netapp.com

Your Memories. Their Cloud.
1 January 2023, The New York Times

All of Google’s cloud database services are now out of beta
16 August 2016, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

MongoDB, Inc. to Host Investor Session at MongoDB.local NYC 2024
18 April 2024, StreetInsider.com

MongoDB price target lowered to $440 from $490 at KeyBanc - TipRanks.com
19 April 2024, TipRanks

Proper SQL comes to MongoDB applications .. with the Oracle Database!
2 April 2024, Oracle

'Initial Wave Of AI Software Growth' To Spur Microsoft, Salesforce, Palantir, MongoDB, Oracle, Snowflake,
15 April 2024, Benzinga

Key customer benefits of the Microsoft and MongoDB expanded partnership
15 December 2023, Microsoft

provided by Google News

How a new database architecture supports scale and reliability in TiDB
11 March 2024, InfoWorld

How PingCAP transformed TiDB into a serverless DBaaS using Amazon S3 and Amazon EBS | Amazon Web Services
14 November 2023, AWS Blog

Google Cloud's C3D Instances Provide Strong Performance Value For PingCAP's TiDB
28 March 2024, Phoronix

PingCAP Launches TiDB 7.5, Enhancing Distributed SQL Database Tech
19 December 2023, Datanami

PingCAP Wins 2024 Data Breakthrough Awards
12 April 2024, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Ontotext logo

GraphDB allows you to link diverse data, index it for semantic search and enrich it via text analysis to build big knowledge graphs. Get it free.

SingleStore logo

The database to transact, analyze and contextualize your data in real time.
Try it today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Milvus logo

Vector database designed for GenAI, fully equipped for enterprise implementation.
Try Managed Milvus for Free

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

Present your product here