DB-EngineseXtremeDB: 5 9's high availability databaseEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TinkerGraph

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformMicrosofts relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.79
Rank#65  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score1062.76
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.18
Rank#281  Overall
#24  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comtinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release2008198920102009
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)yesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App EngineTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using Paxosyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Clusternone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Clusternone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud DatastoreMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTinkerGraph
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Global Key-Value Stores Market 2020 Growth, Development and Forecast Report| Redis, Azure Redis Cache, ArangoDB, Hbase, Google Cloud Datastore – The Daily Chronicle
25 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Rackspace & Google Cloud deliver retail sales & marketing efficiency
28 August 2020, Martechcube

Rackspace Technology and Google Cloud deliver retail sales and marketing efficiency for Eagle Eye
27 August 2020, GlobeNewswire

Google debuts new AI features and tools to advance MLOps
1 September 2020, SiliconANGLE

Google Cloud Datastore has Monday meltdown, tips other services over • DEVCLASS
11 November 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Hybrid Disaster Recovery Scenarios for SQL Server | Data Exposed - Microsoft
22 September 2020, Channel 9

An Introduction to Microsoft Hybrid SQL Server Solutions - Microsoft
15 September 2020, Channel 9

Repairing SQL Database Corruption with CHECKDB Repair? You Can Lose Your Data Forever
24 September 2020, Infosecurity Magazine

Deploying SQL Server 2019 in Kubernetes | Data Exposed - Microsoft
1 September 2020, Channel 9

Hasura Brings Instant GraphQL to MySQL and SQL Server for Rapid API Development to Unlock Siloed Data, Raises $25 Million in Series B
8 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Save Joern — Open Source at ShiftLeft
8 May 2018, Security Boulevard

Gremlin, a Language for Working with Graphs
15 January 2010, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

ETL Application Developer
Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN

Spatial Data Analyst
Yale University, New Haven, CT

ETL Architect Big Data AWS
NovaTech, San Jose, CA

Back End Application Developer
Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN

PwC Tech Developer Senior Associate
PRICE WATERHOUSE COOPERS, Tampa, FL

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

Jr. SQL Developer
Morine Technologies Inc, Bellevue, WA

MS SQL Server DBA 2
Spartan Technologies, Fort Washington, PA

Data Specialist (SQL Server, MSBI,COSMOS, Power BI)
Lenora Systems Inc, Redmond, WA

SQL Developer
Frontier Communications, Everett, WA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here