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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Kinetica vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Kinetica vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonKinetica  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformGPU-accelerated database for real-time analysis of large and streaming datasetsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.68
Rank#77  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score0.74
Rank#204  Overall
#102  Relational DBMS
Score74.79
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.kinetica.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-database
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.kinetica.com/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sql
DeveloperGoogleKineticaMicrosoft
Initial release200820122010
Current release6.0V12
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC, C++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineuser defined functionsTransact SQL
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes infotriggers when inserted values for one or more columns fall within a specified rangeyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosSource-replica replicationyes, with always 3 replicas available
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoGPU vRAM or System RAM
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles on table levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreKineticaMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure
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