DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Impala vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. ToroDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformAnalytic DBMS for HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.61
Rank#66  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score17.55
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.03
Rank#344  Overall
#45  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.torodb.com/­stampede/­docs
DeveloperGoogleClouderaMicrosoft8Kdata
Initial release2008201319892016
Current release4.0.0, July 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)SQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Enginenoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using Paxosselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

SQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreImpalaMicrosoft SQL ServerToroDB
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Dig scoops up $34M to tackle the fragmented world of cloud data security
14 September 2022, TechCrunch

NetApp storage goes GA for VMware Cloud on AWS
30 August 2022, ComputerWeekly.com

Healthcare interoperability and industry cloud: What to look for
1 September 2022, CIO

Oracle pays $23M to settle SEC bribery probe
27 September 2022, FierceTelecom

It's So Hot the Clouds Are Melting
20 July 2022, Gizmodo

provided by Google News

Apache Impala 4 Supports Operator Multi-Threading
29 July 2021, iProgrammer

Pentaho adds Amazon Redshift, Cloudera Impala to stable of data sources
17 February 2015, SiliconANGLE News

Man Busts Out of Google, Rebuilds Top-Secret Query Machine
24 October 2012, WIRED

Cloudera's Analytic Database Enables Unrivaled Elastic
22 September 2016, GlobeNewswire

Unravel Data Adds Native Support for Impala and Kafka
29 June 2017, insideBIGDATA

provided by Google News

SQL Server admins warned about Fargo ransomware
26 September 2022, The Register

Microsoft Readies SQL Server 2022 for Release
29 August 2022, Redmond Channel Partner

Microsoft offers SQL Server 2022 release candidate to Linux world
8 September 2022, The Register

Learn SQL in these six courses
27 September 2022, TechRepublic

SQL Server Query Tuning and Optimization (Packt)
20 September 2022, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Machine Learning Engineer
Universal Music Group, Charlotte, NC

Software Engineer, Data Products
Discord, San Francisco, CA

Machine Learning Engineer
Universal Music Group, Remote

Data Engineer
Miracle Software Systems, Georgia

IT Operations Engineer
Sabre, Southlake, TX

Sr. ETL Test Lead
Bank of America, Addison, TX

Planning Engineer II
Lumen, Remote

Software Engineer Specialist
FIS Global, Cincinnati, OH

Sr Planning Engineer
Lumen, Remote

Business Intelligence Developer - Treasury and Liquidity
Barclays, Whippany, NJ

SQL Server Developer - Fully Remote
Magellan Health, Harrisburg, PA

SQL Server DBA & Developer
Emergent Software, Remote

SQL Server/Power BI Developer
Trilogy Federal LLC, Washington, DC

MS SQL Server Database Administrator
Truist Financial, Charlotte, NC

SQL Developer (Engage2Health)
Health Advocate, United, WV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Neo4j logo

Neo4j NODES 2022
Free online conference for developers and data scientists.
November 16/17 2022.
Register now for free!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here