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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. H2 vs. Hypertable vs. MariaDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. H2 vs. Hypertable vs. MariaDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.84
Rank#76  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score9.99
Rank#47  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score106.42
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.h2database.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­library
DeveloperGoogleThomas MuellerHypertable Inc.MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release2008200520092009
Current release2.0.204, December 20210.9.8.11, March 201610.6.5, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supported
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)yesnoyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
C++ API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaC++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App EngineJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseselectable replication factor on file system levelMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflownoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engine
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engine
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud DatastoreH2HypertableMariaDB
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreH2HypertableMariaDB
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