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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Graph Engine vs. Sqrrl vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Graph Engine vs. Sqrrl vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache AccumuloA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.98
Rank#77  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score0.83
Rank#189  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score4.33
Rank#84  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorewww.graphengine.iosqrrl.comwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docswww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoftAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.Timescale
Initial release2008201020122017
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CJavaC
Server operating systemshosted.NETLinuxLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)nonoyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP APIAccumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineyesnouser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Enginenonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioningSharding infomaking use of Hadoopyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using Paxosselectable replication factor infomaking use of HadoopSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsnoAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entityACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Cell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinitySqrrlTimescaleDB
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