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DBMS > etcd vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.22
Rank#45  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score4.68
Rank#77  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score7.42
Rank#57  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
cloud.google.com/­datastorefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
cloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperGoogleGoogle
Initial release20082017
Current release3.4, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes, details hereyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (GQL)no
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnousing Google App Engineyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyes, watching key changesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication using PaxosMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactionsyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.

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More resources
etcdGoogle Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud Firestore
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