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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Solr vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Solr vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache LuceneTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.84
Rank#76  Overall
#11  Document stores
Score8.92
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score58.53
Rank#19  Overall
#3  Search engines
Score3.26
Rank#95  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorelucene.apache.org/­solrpingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorelucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleGoogleApache Software FoundationPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2008201720062016
Current release8.11.1, December 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageJavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fieldsyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)noSolr Parallel SQL Interfaceyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud FunctionsJava pluginsno
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes, with Cloud Functionsyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosMulti-source replicationyesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowUsing Cloud Dataflowspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduceyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactionsyesoptimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.yesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud FirestoreSolrTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud FirestoreSolrTiDB
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