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DBMS > Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Memcached

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Memcached

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonMemcached  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.In-memory key-value store, originally intended for caching
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeKey-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.45
Rank#67  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score10.03
Rank#49  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score24.64
Rank#33  Overall
#4  Key-value stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­datastorefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.memcached.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoregithub.com/­memcached/­memcached/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleGoogleDanga Interactive infooriginally developed by Brad Fitzpatrick for LiveJournal
Initial release200820172003
Current release1.6.15, March 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes, details hereyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query language (GQL)nono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C
C++
ColdFusion
Erlang
Java
Lisp
Lua
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresusing Google App Engineyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsno
TriggersCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication using PaxosMulti-source replicationnone infoRepcached, a Memcached patch, provides this functionallity
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of Transactionsyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesno
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.yes infousing SASL (Simple Authentication and Security Layer) protocol

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More resources
Google Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud FirestoreMemcached
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