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DBMS > etcd vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graph Engine vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Google Cloud Datastore vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. Graph Engine vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Datastore  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeAutomatically scaling NoSQL Database as a Service (DBaaS) on the Google Cloud PlatformCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value storeDocument storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.96
Rank#46  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score4.44
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Document stores
Score8.64
Rank#52  Overall
#9  Document stores
Score0.85
Rank#188  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
cloud.google.com/­datastorefirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.graphengine.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
cloud.google.com/­datastore/­docsfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestorewww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleGoogleMicrosoftPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2008201720102016
Current release3.4, August 20195.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialcommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGo.NET and CGo, Rust
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedhosted.NETLinux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes, details hereyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (GQL)nonoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Android
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
C#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnousing Google App Engineyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionsyesno
Triggersyes, watching key changesCallbacks using the Google Apps Engineyes, with Cloud Functionsnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Multi-source replication using PaxosMulti-source replicationUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyes infousing Google Cloud DataflowUsing Cloud Dataflowyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on type of query and configuration infoStrong Consistency is default for entity lookups and queries within an Entity Group (but can instead be made eventually consistent). Other queries are always eventual consistent.Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infovia ReferenceProperties or Ancestor pathsnonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID infoSerializable Isolation within Transactions, Read Committed outside of TransactionsyesnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
etcdGoogle Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud FirestoreGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
etcdGoogle Cloud DatastoreGoogle Cloud FirestoreGraph Engine infoformer name: TrinityTiDB
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