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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. TiDB

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Our visitors often compare Google Cloud Bigtable and TiDB with Cassandra, MongoDB and Redis.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.55
Rank#87  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score2.60
Rank#104  Overall
#52  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablepingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGooglePingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20152016
Current release5.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableTiDB
Specific characteristicsTiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesIn the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosTiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOpen Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

Flink on TiDB: Reliable, Convenient Real-Time Data Service
28 July 2021

TiDB Operator Source Code Reading (III): The Component Control Loop
21 July 2021

Simplifying Database Management in a Highly Automated and Scalable Cloud Environment with Google Cloud
15 July 2021

How to Efficiently Stress Test Pod Memory
13 July 2021

TiDB 5.1: Easily Build Your Mission-Critical Applications at Any Scale
9 July 2021

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableTiDB
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