DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Google Cloud Bigtable Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL||RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments|
|Primary database model||Key-value store|
Wide column store
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer||SAP formerly Sybase|
|Initial release||2015||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL||1992|
|Current release||15.2, February 2023||17, July 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source BSD||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||no||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.||yes|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||gRPC (using protocol buffers) API|
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||no||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.||yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash||none|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions||Source-replica replication Database mirroring|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||yes||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||Atomic single-row operations||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no||no||yes|
|User concepts Access control||Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
More information provided by the system vendor
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|Google Cloud Bigtable||PostgreSQL||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere|
|DB-Engines blog posts|
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021 Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021 Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
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|Conferences and events|
PGCon 2023, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
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