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DBMS > eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. Snowflake vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameeXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.68
Rank#209  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score93.51
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mcobject.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mongodb.comwww.snowflake.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmldocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperMcObjectGoogleMongoDB, IncSnowflake Computing Inc.PingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20012015200920142016
Current release8.2, November 20205.0.6, January 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)yesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
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TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infosupport of XML interfaces availablenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyesyes
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
proprietary protocol using JSONCLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoJavaScriptuser defined functionsno
Triggersyes infoby defining eventsnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.yeshorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
eXtremeDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMongoDBSnowflakeTiDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
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25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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