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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. RRDtool vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MongoDB vs. RRDtool vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonRRDtool  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureIndustry standard data logging and graphing tool for time series data. RRD is an acronym for round-robin database. infoThe data is stored in a circular buffer, thus the system storage footprint remains constant over time.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score484.67
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score2.27
Rank#114  Overall
#7  Time Series DBMS
Score3.20
Rank#97  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.mongodb.comoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtoolpingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manualoss.oetiker.ch/­rrdtool/­docdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleMongoDB, IncTobias OetikerPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release2015200919992016
Current release5.0, July 20211.7.2, May 20195.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL V2 and FLOSSOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
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TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++C infoImplementations in Java (e.g. RRD4J) and C# availableGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
HP-UX
Linux
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoExporting into and restoring from XML files possibleno
Secondary indexesnoyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
proprietary protocol using JSONin-process shared library
Pipes
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C infowith librrd library
C# infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Java infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
JavaScript (Node.js) infowith a different implementation of RRDTool
Lua
Perl
PHP infowith a wrapper library
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScriptnono
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.nonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
noneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoby using the rrdcached daemonyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableMongoDBRRDtoolTiDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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