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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MonetDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score1.81
Rank#131  Overall
#64  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.monetdb.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docswww.monetdb.org/­Documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperGoogleMonetDB BVPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201520041989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseJul2021-SP2, July 202114.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, in SQL, C, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding via remote tablespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableMonetDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableMonetDBPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

Google Introduces Autoscaling for Cloud Bigtable for Optimizing Costs
31 January 2022, InfoQ.com

Google's Data Cloud Summit Serves Up Incremental New Capabilities
25 April 2022, Forbes

Google Cloud Improves SLA for Bigtable and Adds New Security Features
19 June 2021, InfoQ.com

Database as a Service (DBaaS) Provider Market 2022 Trend, Business Growth, PESTEL Analysis, Forecast to 2030 | IBM, AWS, MongoDB Atlas
18 May 2022, Taiwan News

provided by Google News

MonetDB Secures Investment From (and Partners With) ServiceNow
9 December 2021, Datanami

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Tracing Stars with MonetDB in the Cloud
10 August 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

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Google Cloud Introduces PostgreSQL-Compatible AlloyDB for Enterprise Database Workloads
21 May 2022, InfoQ.com

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