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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Our visitors often compare Google Cloud Bigtable and Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB with Cassandra, Amazon DynamoDB and MongoDB.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.16
Rank#90  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score31.99
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtableazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docslearn.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperGoogleMicrosoft
Initial release20152014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesnoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
TriggersnoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Bounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Recent citations in the news

What is Google Bigtable? | Definition from TechTarget
1 March 2022, TechTarget

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10 May 2023, The Register

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31 January 2022, InfoQ.com

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Google introduces Cloud Bigtable managed NoSQL database to process data at scale
6 May 2015, VentureBeat

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15 November 2023, SiliconANGLE News

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