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DBMS > dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison dBASE vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Microsoft Access vs. SQLite

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NamedBASE  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Access  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptiondBase was one of the first databases with a development environment on PC's. Its latest version dBase V is still sold as dBase classic, which needs a DOS Emulation. The up-to-date product is dBase plus.Google's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Microsoft Access combines a backend RDBMS (JET / ACE Engine) with a GUI frontend for data manipulation and queries. infoThe Access frontend is often used for accessing other datasources (DBMS, Excel, etc.)Widely used embeddable, in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score15.33
Rank#42  Overall
#26  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score146.50
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score138.87
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.dbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­microsoft-365/­accesswww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationwww.dbase.com/­support/­knowledgebasecloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdeveloper.microsoft.com/­en-us/­accesswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperAsthon TateGoogleMicrosoftDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release1979201519922000
Current releasedBASE 2019, 20191902 (16.0.11328.20222), March 20193.39.1  (13 July 2022), July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoBundled with Microsoft OfficeOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemsDOS infodBase Classic
Windows infodBase Pro
hostedWindows infoNot a real database server, but making use of DLLsserver-less
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infobut not compliant to any SQL standardyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsnone infoThe IDE can access other DBMS or ODBC-sources.gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
DAO
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesdBase proprietary IDEC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
VBA
Visual Basic.NET
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresno infoThe IDE can access stored procedures in other database systems.noyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineno
Triggersnonoyes infosince Access 2010 using the ACE-engineyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesnoneInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesnonenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infonot for dBase internal data, but IDE does support transactions when accessing external DBMSAtomic single-row operationsACID infobut no files for transaction loggingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infobut no files for transaction loggingyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no infoa simple user-level security was built in till version Access 2003no

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