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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Memgraph vs. Oracle Rdb vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMemgraph  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A hybrid, in-memory first, distributed graph DBMS delivering high-performance on analytical and transactional workloads at enterprise scaleSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelWide column storeGraph DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.18
Rank#103  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Score0.07
Rank#309  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
Score1.00
Rank#147  Overall
#72  Relational DBMS
Score17.77
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablememgraph.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.memgraph.comspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperGoogleMemgraph LtdOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)Apache Software Foundation
Initial release2015201719842014
Current release7.3.3.2.0, 20192.4.5, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infoFree license availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC and C++Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinuxHP Open VMSLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesnoyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Elixir
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infodynamic graph partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-Master replication using RAFTnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationships in graphsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACID infowith snapshot isolationyes, on a single nodeno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith periodic snapshot and write-ahead logging (WAL) of changesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Users, roles and permissionsno

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableMemgraphOracle RdbSpark SQL
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