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DBMS > eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MarkLogic vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison eXtremeDB vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. MarkLogic vs. MongoDB vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameeXtremeDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionNatively in-memory DBMS with options for persistency, high-availability and clusteringGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Operational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.68
Rank#209  Overall
#100  Relational DBMS
#15  Time Series DBMS
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score9.85
Rank#50  Overall
#9  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.mcobject.comcloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.marklogic.comwww.mongodb.compingcap.com
Technical documentationwww.mcobject.com/­docs/­extremedb.htmcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.marklogic.comdocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperMcObjectGoogleMarkLogic Corp.MongoDB, IncPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20012015200120092016
Current release8.2, 20219.0, 20175.0.8, April 20225.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC and C++C++C++Go, Rust
Server operating systemsAIX
HP-UX
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no infosupport of XML interfaces availablenoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyes infowith the option: eXtremeSQLnoyes infoSQL92Read-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes
APIs and other access methods.NET Client API
JDBC
JNI
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C#
C++
Java
Lua
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScriptno
Triggersyes infoby defining eventsnoyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning / shardingShardingShardingSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.horizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesActive Replication Fabric™ for IoT
Multi-source replication infoby means of eXtremeDB Cluster option
Source-replica replication infoby means of eXtremeDB High Availability option
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyesMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Using Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobsyesyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnonono infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-row operationsACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayes infoOptimistic (MVCC) and pessimistic (locking) strategies availableyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes, with Range Indexesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Role-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
eXtremeDBGoogle Cloud BigtableMarkLogicMongoDBTiDB
Specific characteristicseXtremeDB is an in-memory and/or persistent database system that offers an ultra-small...
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MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
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TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
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Competitive advantageseXtremeDB databases can be modeled relationally or as objects and can utilize SQL...
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The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
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In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
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Typical application scenariosIoT application across all markets: Industrial Control, Netcom, Telecom, Defense,...
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Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
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TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
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Key customersSchneider Electronics, F5 Networks, TNS, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, GoPro, ViaSat,...
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ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
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Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
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Market metricsWith hundreds of customers and over 30 million devices/applications using the product...
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200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFor server use cases, there is a simple per-server license irrespective of the number...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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