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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Kingbase vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Kingbase vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.Scalable, ACID-compliant graph database designed with a high-performance distributed cluster architecture, available in self-hosted and cloud offerings
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.92
Rank#74  Overall
#9  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.76
Rank#241  Overall
#114  Relational DBMS
Score55.43
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.kingbase.com.cnneo4j.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmlneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.Neo4j, Inc.
Initial release201519992007
Current releaseV8.0, August 20215.4, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Neo4j Aura: Neo4j’s fully managed cloud service: The zero-admin, always-on graph database for cloud developers.
Implementation languageC and JavaJava, Scala
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoStandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
ADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningyes using Neo4j Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableKingbaseNeo4j
Specific characteristicsAn enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Neo4j delivers graph technology that has been battle tested for performance and scale...
» more
Competitive advantagesComplete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Neo4j is the market leader, graph database category creator, and the most widely...
» more
Typical application scenariosNew applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersThe main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Over 800 commercial customers and over 4300 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsAt present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than 140 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsBusiness license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Google Cloud BigtableKingbaseNeo4j
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