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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. JanusGraph vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. JanusGraph vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Graph DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.58
Rank#92  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score1.91
Rank#135  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablejanusgraph.orggithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperGoogleLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius8Kdata
Initial release201520172016
Current release0.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
All OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)User authentification and security via Rexster Graph ServerAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanToroDB
Recent citations in the news

Google expands BigQuery with Gemini, brings vector support to cloud databases
29 February 2024, VentureBeat

What is Google Bigtable? | Definition from TechTarget
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Google Introduces Autoscaling for Cloud Bigtable for Optimizing Costs
31 January 2022, InfoQ.com

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provided by Google News



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