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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Cloudant vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.63
Rank#89  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score3.76
Rank#87  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score76.82
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201520102014
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP/JSON APICLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptuser defined functions
Triggersnoyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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