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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. IBM Cloudant vs. MariaDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. MariaDB ColumnStore provides a column-oriented storage engine and MariaDB Xpand supports distributed SQL.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelWide column storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.63
Rank#91  Overall
#8  Wide column stores
Score3.84
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score104.36
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score71.03
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudantmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.snowflake.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudantmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperGoogleIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release2015201020092014
Current release10.6.5, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageErlangC and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedFreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesyes
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
RESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functions
Triggersnoyesyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingseveral options for horizontal partitioning and Shardingyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableIBM CloudantMariaDBSnowflake
Specific characteristicsMariaDB is the most powerful open source relational database – modern SQL and JSON...
» more
Competitive advantagesMariaDB has many features unavailable in other open source relational databases....
» more
Typical application scenariosWeb, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Key customersDeutsche Bank, DBS Bank, Nasdaq, Red Hat, ServiceNow, Verizon and Walgreens Featured...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableIBM CloudantMariaDBSnowflake
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