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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. Hive vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.data warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.15
Rank#95  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#8  Wide column stores
Score59.76
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score2.02
Rank#125  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablehive.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docscwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release201520122017
Current release3.1.3, April 20220.6.3, February 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesselectable replication factoryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduceyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHiveJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
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