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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HarperDB vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HarperDB vs. TiDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHarperDB  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A distributed database focused on speed and ease of use. It has an intuitive REST API, and supports NoSQL and SQL including joins. HarperDB leverages standard interfaces, and users can be up and running in minutes.TiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Document storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score0.52
Rank#238  Overall
#37  Document stores
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtableharperdb.iopingcap.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsharperdb.io/­developers/­documentation/­overviewdocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stable
DeveloperGoogleHarperDBPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release201520172016
Current release3.1, August 20215.0.1, April 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree community edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageNode.jsGo, Rust
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Linux
Data schemeschema-freedynamic schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyes infoJSON data typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like data manipulation statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
React Hooks
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
ColdFusion
D
Dart
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
MatLab
Objective C
Perl
PHP
PowerShell
Prolog
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Swift
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoCustom Functions infosince release 3.1no
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingA table resides as a whole on one (or more) nodes in a clusterhorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesyes infothe nodes on which a table resides can be definedUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsAtomic execution of specific operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes, using LMDByes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableHarperDBTiDB
Specific characteristicsHarperDB is the first distributed database with hybrid SQL & NoSQL functionality...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy combining the functionality of the best SQL, NoSQL, and NewSQL products on the...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosUse cases where HarperDB is a better fit than other solutions include: Rapid app...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersA few highlighted customers include: US Army, US Airforce, Chelan PUD, TATA, & Lumen....
» more
Shopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metricsOver 26K total HarperDB users : 12,700+ npm downloads 10,000+ on Docker Hub 3,400+...
» more
25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHarperDB follows a freemium/premium model . A data base is only as powerful as it...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHarperDBTiDB
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