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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HEAVY.AI vs. Lovefield vs. TiDB vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HEAVY.AI vs. Lovefield vs. TiDB vs. XTDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022  Xexclude from comparisonLovefield  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.A high performance, column-oriented RDBMS, specifically developed to harness the massive parallelism of modern CPU and GPU hardwareEmbeddable relational database for web apps written in pure JavaScriptTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score4.26
Rank#86  Overall
#14  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score1.29
Rank#153  Overall
#73  Relational DBMS
Score0.23
Rank#283  Overall
#133  Relational DBMS
Score3.54
Rank#93  Overall
#49  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#50  Document stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablegithub.com/­heavyai/­heavydb
www.heavy.ai
google.github.io/­lovefieldpingcap.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
xtdb.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docsdocs.heavy.aigithub.com/­google/­lovefield/­blob/­master/­docs/­spec_index.mddocs.pingcap.com/­tidb/­stablextdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGoogleHEAVY.AI, Inc.GooglePingCAP, Inc.Juxt Ltd.
Initial release20152016201420162019
Current release5.10, January 20222.1.12, February 20175.0.1, April 20211.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; enterprise edition availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
TiDB Cloud: Fully-managed TiDB Service. Bring everything great about TiDB to the cloud.
Implementation languageC++ and CUDAJavaScriptGo, RustClojure
Server operating systemshostedLinuxserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js) infotested with Chrome, Firefox, IE, SafariLinuxAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesnonoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language infovia JavaScript builder patternyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Vega
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/Thrift
Python
JavaScriptAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Clojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonononono
TriggersnonoUsing read-only observersnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoRound robinnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replicationnoneUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesnonoyes infowith TiSpark Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno infocurrently only supported in syntaxno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsnoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, by using IndexedDB or the cloud service Firebase Realtime Databaseyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infousing MemoryDBno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
Google Cloud BigtableHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022LovefieldTiDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
Specific characteristicsOptimizes memory and compute layers to deliver unprecedented performance. Natively...
» more
TiDB is an open-source NewSQL database built by PingCAP. TiDB supports Hybrid Transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesOnly HEAVY.AI allows users to visually and interactively discover high-value patterns,...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosAdvanced analytics, geospatial and time-series analytics, accelerated data science,...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersShopee (E-commerce) BookMyShow.com (E-commerce) Yiguo.com (E-commerce) JD Cloud &...
» more
Market metrics25K+ GitHub Stars for TiDB, and 8K+ GitHub Stars for TiKV 1.6K+ members in TiDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsHEAVY.AI Free (Free Forever), Foundations ($2k/month), and Enterprise Licensure (Inquire...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHEAVY.AI infoFormerly named 'OmniSci', rebranded to 'HEAVY.AI' in March 2022LovefieldTiDBXTDB infoformerly named Crux
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