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DBMS > etcd vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelKey-value storeKey-value store
Wide column store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score9.02
Rank#53  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Score5.44
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score41.66
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
cloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.org
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
cloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.org
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release20152008
Current release3.4, August 20192.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possible
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenonooptions to bring your own types, AVRO
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesnonono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlnoAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC

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More resources
etcdGoogle Cloud BigtableHBase
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