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DBMS > Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Google Cloud Bigtable vs. HBase vs. Titan

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.Wide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelKey-value store
Wide column store
Wide column storeGraph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.03
Rank#79  Overall
#12  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Score41.97
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Websitecloud.google.com/­bigtablehbase.apache.orgtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docshbase.apache.orggithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release201520082012
Current release2.3.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenooptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesnonoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in Javayes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zonesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyesyesyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-row operationsSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server

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More resources
Google Cloud BigtableHBaseTitan
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